Τετάρτη, 6 Μαΐου 2020

ΛΙΜΝΗ ΥΛΙΚΗΣ. ΤΟ ΘΑΥΜΑ


ΥΠΟΘΑΛΑΣΣΙΑ ΣΥΡΑΓΓΑ ΑΚΤΙΟΥ


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ΔΥΟ ΩΡΕΣ ΑΠΟ ΤΟ ΚΕΝΤΡΟ ΤΗΣ ΑΘΗΝΑΣ


ΞΕΝΑΓΗΣΗ ΣΤΗΝ ΓΕΦΥΡΑ ΡΙΟΥ-ΑΝΤΙΡΙΟΥ


Κυριακή, 3 Μαΐου 2020

Mummy of ancient Egyptian teenager, buried in fine jewelry, discovered in Luxor

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The teenage girl's coffin
Archaeologists found the coffin of a teenage girl from Egypt's 17th dynasty.
(Image: © Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities)
Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered the ancient mummy of a teenage girl decked out in beautiful jewelry, including beaded necklaces and copper earrings, according to the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities. 
The girl's mummy was resting on its right side in the Draa Abul Naga necropolis on Luxor's West Bank, according to Ahram Online, an Egyptian newspaper. Though the mummy had deteriorated over the millenia, restoration returned her jewelry to pristine condition. This included two spiral earrings coated with a thin metal leaf — possibly of copper — in one of her ears, as well as two rings on her fingers and four necklaces draped around her neck. 
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The teenage girl's jewelry, including her earrings, rings and necklaces.
The teenage girl's jewelry, including her earrings, rings and necklaces. (Image credit: Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities)

Image Gallery

This stunning necklace has 74 pieces on it.
This stunning necklace has 74 pieces on it. (Image credit: Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities)
These leather balls found near a pair of ancient sandals.
These leather balls found near a pair of ancient sandals. (Image credit: Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities)
The Eye of Horus
The Eye of Horus (Image credit: Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities)
Amulets found in the burial.
Amulets found in the burial. (Image credit: Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities)
The coffin was made from a sycamore trunk.
The coffin was made from a sycamore trunk. (Image credit: Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities)
One ring was fashioned out of bone, while the other was made of metal and held an embedded blue glass bead with string wrapped around it. The four necklaces were tied together with a glazed ceramic, or "faience" clip.
Like the rings, each necklace was unique. One 27.5-inch-long (70 centimeters) necklace was made of round beads that alternated between dark and light blue faience, and another necklace, measuring 24.4 inches long (62 cm) necklace, had green faience and glass beads.
The third necklace was a treasure even by today's standards; the 24-inch-long (61 cm) necklace had 74 pieces, including beads of amethyst; a brownish-red gemstone called carnelian; amber; blue glass; and quartz, according to the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities. It also sported two scarabs, including one showing Horus (a god depicted as a falcon) and five faience amulets.
Finally, the fourth necklace was designed with several strings of faience beads, which were knotted together at both ends with a ring. 
The 5.7-foot-long (1.75 meters) coffin was carved out of a sycamore tree trunk. At the time of the teenager's death, it had been whitewashed and painted in red, according to Ahram Online. 
The archaeologists also found a miniature mud-made coffin that was still tied together with a string, near the teenager's mummy. When they opened this small coffin, the archaeologists found a wooden funerary figurine, known as an ushabti, wrapped in four linen bandages. The figurine and one of the bandages were marked in hieratic (an ancient Egyptian cursive text) with the name of the owner: "The Osiris, Djehuty."
Based on the sandals' size and decorations, it's likely that they belonged to a woman, Galán said. The balls were used by women for sport or for choreographed dancing, according to images of daily life found in the Beni Hassan tombs from the Middle Kingdom (2040 B.C. to 1782 B.C.) of Egypt.
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